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Burundi Goat Rehabilitation Project

Alliance Burundaise pour la Coopération et le Développement &
Austrian Help Program

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    Project Strategy for Farmer Associations
    & Livestock Producers Groups

In order to support livestock producers in supplying genetically improved breeding materials in an economically sustainable framework, and also to convey necessary extension messages, the following implementation strategy has been developed:

1. Group approach

2. Buck-lease scheme

3. Paravet & Medical Center scheme

4. Farmers' training

5. Program duration per farmer group



    1. Extension Group Approach:

    The Project has adopted a group approach for the implementation of the program.  Livestock producers who want to participate and benefit from the program form farmer or producer groups within their areas and elect office bearers.  The members of this group should be within a walking distance of each other so that they can share a breeding buck (supplied through the  Buck Lease Scheme ) and also attend field days, topic meetings and any other group activities organized by the Project.  The group is to be  supported by the project in technical aspects of animal husbandry, as well as in such topics as group dynamics, organization, marketing, etc.

    2. Buck Lease Scheme:

    The Buck Lease Scheme has been developed to make good breeding material at a reasonable cost available to as many livestock producers as possible.  Under this Scheme the livestock producers group can – if evaluated as technically capable -- lease an improved buck by signing a lease contract and paying a small, annual lease fee.  The livestock producers group is to be responsible for the management of the buck, selecting one of their members to be the Buck Keeper.    Associations who do not have an improved buck can breed their does at the closest mounting center, as arranged by the Project, and/or are to receive does that have already been crossbred.

    The Project is responsible for organizing and supervising the buck-rotation, as well as for supplying the necessary assistance for implementing the breeding program, with the objective of improving the genetic potential of livestock herds.

    Farmer associations can charge a small Mounting Fee to non-members, thereby gaining income for their association.  See also: Project Breeding & Multiplication Strategies.

    3. Paravet & Medical Center scheme

    In an upcoming Project phase, farmer groups will select one or two of their members to be trained under the Project's Paravet Program.  The paravet will serve members of his/her group and will be linked to the project-supported veterinary centers.

    4. Farmers' Training

    Main emphasis is given on practical training in areas of nutrition, sanitation, breeding, general husbandry, etc, as well as association formation, marketing and finance.  Training is conducted through topic-meetings and field days.  Topic Meetings are to be organized in  regular intervals with one technical topic at a time, whereas field days are to be arranged whenever training or demonstration on one or more topics is required.  The Project has developed the following six main Extension Topics:

    1. Formation of  Producers' Groups
    2. Management and Feeding
    3. Goat Breeding, Kid Rearing and Record Keeping
    4. Health Management and Diseases
    5. Shed Construction – Housing
    6. Meat and Milk Production, Marketing, and Record Keeping

For the first 2 months in the Program, a farmer group will receive general training that covers all 6 topics.  In addition, a PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) will be conducted in their area and farms, to assure that the training topics are most relevant for them and their unique farming conditions and to incorporate topics of particular relevance to the area and to participants.

Thereafter, one topic meeting is to be arranged on each of the main six topics per year for every Group within a two month interval according the following Topic – Calendar










1.  Group Formation & Management



2.  Management; Feeding; Record-keeping




3.  Breeding; Kid rearing; Record-keeping




4.  Health; Disease; Record-keeping




5.  Housing



6.  Meat; Milk; Byproduct Production & Marketing




It is expected that at least 75% of the registered members of each group will participate in all topic meetings.  The Project will also arrange in addition, about 3 field days for each group per year.  Further technical training will be arranged if requested / required by the group. 

Apart from the training concerning all technical aspects of goat husbandry, the Project will also support the groups in their efforts to develop themselves into active, self-help organizations with special emphasis on group dynamics, business management, and dispute resolution.  This support will strengthen the group activities and also prepare them for the period when active Project assistance will end.

    5. Program Duration per Farmer Group

The Project will support each group in implementing the Development Program for a period of up to 2 years.  After a successful 2-year participation, members of the groups should have gained enough knowledge and experience to execute an improved goat husbandry program.

 Within this period the groups should have also developed into an active organization (self-help group) which should be able to implement improved and profit-oriented meat and dairy goat production activities.

After a farmer or producer group has joined the Program by signing a lease contract  the following kind of Extension Calendar is to be followed – revised according to a particular groups' needs:

Producers Group Participation




Tick Drugs

Year 1


6 topic meetings
3 field days
1 tour to other groups

Lease or access to a Multiplication Herd buck


Year 2


3 topic meetings; more on request
1 field day; more on request
1 tour to other groups

Lease or access to a Multiplication Herd buck


Year 3


To be arranged by the group through the National Goat Breeding Society / Association

Group or access to a Multiplication Herd buck





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