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Burundi Goat Rehabilitation Project

Alliance Burundaise pour la Coopιration et le Dιveloppement &
Austrian Help Program

Pour traduction en Franηais  
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  Project Breeding & Multiplication Strategies

Project Strategy for Developing Meat & Dairy Goat Strains

Project Strategy for Developing a 3-Way Cross

Project Strategy for Herd Improvement & Multiplication

Project Strategy for Establishing Multiplication Herds

Lease Contract  For a  Breeding Buck

Doe and Buck Technical Cards



Burundi Goat Rehabilitation Project is beginning its 6th year of developing an improved CAG [Central African Goat] and two strains of specialized goat:  a Burundi Meat Goat and a Burundi Dairy Goat.  The latter two are bred up through the 3rd generation by crossing either German Alpine or South African Boer bucks with local CAG does.  Good buck progeny are then placed with farmer goat associations where they are used by the associations and others in breeding up their own stock.

Details of the buck distribution program and project record-keeping are found in other sections.


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In addition to improved CAG and Meat and Dairy crosses, the Project is also developing a 3-way breed that combines 2 meat goats – CAGs and Boer – with a Dairy Goat – Alpine:  25% CAG, 25% Boer; 50% Alpine. 

There are now seven 3-way cross kids born in 2004 and these appear to be an excellent cross, that appear to retain some levels of genetic immunity to tick-borne diseases that commonly attack the crossbred young, while also combining meat qualities of the 2 meat breeds with fast growth and milk production ability of the dairy breed.

3-Way twins
½ CAG – ½ Boer Doe with Ό CAG, Ό Boer & ½ Alpine twins

Although this ½ CAG – ½ Boer doe is not herself a particularly 'good looking' cross, she has consistently dropped excellent kids over the past 4 years, including these 3-way crosses, and is highly resistant to theileriosis and several other tropical diseases – a trait that she apparently is passing on to her progeny.

A 3-way cross buckling at about 1 week

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To ensure the production and sustainability of high-quality crossbred stock through the 2nd and 3rd generation for distribution to farmer groups and others, the Project supports the development of 3 kinds of multiplication herds – see above graph :

    1 Entrepreneurs in the private sector and National & International NGOs who raise breeding stock to 3rd generation for sale and/or for use in their own projects

    2 Elite Breeders selected from among participating farmer groups who are contracted by the project to produce cross-bred stock for purchase and use only by project

    3 Participating farmer associations & their Association Buck-Keeper who will maintain a project buck for use by members of the group and for income generation for the association

The GOALS of this program are to:

    1. Develop high quality indigenous and crossbred goat stock for use by small, resource-poor farmers
    2. Provide increased income to goat owners and those leasing improved bucks
    3. Strengthen the livestock-based private sector in Burundi
    4. Assure that high quality, genetic materials are consistently distributed by rotating leased bucks on a yearly basis

Each of the three groups is described below:

    1.  ENTREPRENEURS IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR AND NATIONAL & INTERNATIONAL NGOs who are  assisted to set up and manage multiplication herds. These entrepreneurs or organizations will lease 1 or 2 project bucks and will receive technical and business training.  National and international NGOs will use offspring in their own goat improvement programs.  Entrepreneurs will earn income from sales of offspring as well as by charging fees for breeding to the bucks that they lease from the project.  Through the sale of culled offspring, NGOs will earn money to help cover their operating expenses. 

    Entrepreneurs and national NGOs may be provided with micro-credit, as determined by the project, to purchase up to 25 local breeding does and to cover other set-up expenses.  Experience from Kenya in establishing similar enterprises will be used 2.

      1.1 Selection criteria for private sector entrepreneurs and NGOs include:

      • Previous experience with goats
      • Available forage supply for browsing and/or for cutting
      • Animal husbandry skills as determined by farm visits to evaluate their existing flocks
      • Financial and management resources the entrepreneurs or NGOs could put towards the successful rearing of a multiplication herd
      • Willing and able to follow recommended breeding, management and disease control program
      • Performance, health and breeding records must be kept for his/her goats and made available to Project staf

      1.2 Responsibilities

      1.2.1  Project:

      • Recruit the Entrepreneurs and NGOs
      • Lease the breeding buck to the breeder at the recommended fee
      • Assist in marketing for the breeding stock from the breeder
      • Give adequate training on proper feeding, housing, breeding recording, etc.
      • Organize proper rotation of the breeding bucks among the breeders
      • Ensure that the contract terms are adhered to
      • Ensure that project bucks that are leased to the group are rotated on an annual basis
      • Give necessary recognition to the entrepreneurs and NGOs

      1.2.2  Entrepreneurs and NGOs

      • Will only utilize the recommended breeding buck leased by the Project
      • Will castrate, or sell prior to three months, all other males in the herd
      • Will report any breeding stock for sale
      • Will ensure that the contract terms are adhered to


    2.  Elite Breeders selected from farmer groups, who will be contracted by the project to act as a source of breeding stock for the project.   They will be assisted to establish a multiplication herd by leasing 1 or 2 bucks, receiving micro-credit to purchase local breeding does, as well as receiving technical and business training. 

      2.1  Selection criteria for Elite Breeders includes:

      • Performance, health and breeding records must be kept [available] for his/her goats
      • Willing and able to follow recommended breeding and disease control program
      • Have adequate forage and fodder
      • Have adequate goat housing
      • Have adequate management e.g. nutrition, hygiene, control of ectoparasites, etc.
      • Be honest and have good relationships with other members
      • Allow the Project to certify the quality of the animals
      • Willing to give preference to the Project when offering goats for sale
      • Willing to accept the Project's price calculation guidelines
      • Recommended by his/her farmer group
      • Willing to give access to Project officials to his/her farm
      • Accept other guidelines developed by the Project

      2.2  Responsibilities

        2.2.1  Project:

        • Recruit and contract the breeders
        • Lease the breeding buck to the breeder at the recommended fee
        • Provide marketing for the breeding stock from the breeder
        • Give adequate training on proper feeding, housing, breeding recording, etc.
        • Organize proper rotation of the breeding bucks among the breeders
        • Take responsibility of proven veterinary costs of the Association Buck
        • Deworming of the goats at recommended price
        • Ensure that the contract terms are adhered to
        • Give necessary recognition to the breeder farmer

        2.2.2 Breeders

        • Will only utilize the recommended breeding buck leased by the Project
        • Will castrate, or sell prior to three months of age, all other males in the herd
        • Will report any breeding stock for sale
        • Will ensure that the contract terms are adhered to


    3. PARTICIPATING FARMER ASSOCIATIONS & THEIR ASSOCIATION BUCK-KEEPER  to be selected by his/her association to maintain a mounting center [centre de mont] that will  house a project buck leased by the association.  The buck will be used: [1] by members of the group and [2] as an income-generating activity for the association, by breeding goat stock of non-members.  The association will sign the lease contract for the buck, while the buck-keeper will sign an independent contract with the Project laying out his/her responsibilities 3

         N.B.: Bucks under lease will NOT be provided to all participating associations: the Project will make this decision based on [1] level of ability of the association and its members and [2] other associations or managers of multiplication herds in the area, who have leased a breeding buck from the project.

      3.1 Selection Criteria for an Association Buck-Keeper

      • Full time goat farmer willing to follow the recommended upkeep of the leased buck
      • Performance, health and breeding records must be kept [available] for his/her goats
      • Recommended by his/her association
      • Dedicated and self-supervising
      • Keeps proper records of his/her breeding goats
      • Be a strict follower of the project's breeding program
      • Willing to accept all project guidelines
      • Has adequate fodder on the farm
      • Adequate goat housing

      3.2 Responsibilities

        3.2.1 The Project

        • Recruitment of the Association Buck-Keeper, in collaboration with other Association members
        • Prepare and signing contract with the Buck-Keeper
        • Deworming of the goats of the Buck-Keeper
        • Take responsibility of proven veterinary costs of the Association Buck
        • Paying bonus on withdrawal of buck for reasons other than out-right negligence; to be paid in accordance with the Project guidelines
        • Training of the Buck-Keeper through regular visits by Project officials
        • Assists the Association & the Buck-Keeper to set up and maintain mounting records

        3.2.2 The Association Buck-Keeper

        • Allows Project officials free access to the bucks
        • Notes that the buck is the property of the Project
        • Takes daily care of the buck according to Project guidelines
        • Maintains mounting records, with project assistance
        • Reports immediately any illness/change of behavior to the Project


    4.  Management Procedures for Private Sector Entrepreneurs, NGOs, Elite Breeders and Association – ASSOCIATION Buck-keepers

      4.1  Selection strategy

      • Publicity  / training
      • Prospective Entrepreneurs and NGOs to apply directly to the Project
      • Prospective Elite Breeders and Association Buck-Keepers to apply through their groups
      • The project to send a recruitment team which will give the feed-back

      4.2  Suspension/Termination of Contract/Renewal

      • The buck-lease contract may be suspended or terminated after flouting any of the conditions set by the Project after a visit of project officials.
      • The contract can be renewed annually
      • The Entrepreneur, NGO, Elite Breeder or Association Buck-Keeper can write to the project on his/her wish to terminate the contract but must surrender any stock or items in his/her possession immediately when the termination is agreed upon by both parties

      4.3  Benefits of Leasing a Project Buck

      • Free services of his/her goats
      • Up-to-date training through regular visits by Project officials and staff
      • Increasing the value and productivity of his/her goats & those bred to the leased buck
      • For Elite Breeder and Association Buck-Keeper: free deworming of his/her goats
      • Access to/assistance with markets and marketing
      • Prestige
      • Income generation and/or cost-recovery


1Guidelines developed in accordance with GTZ - Kenya.
2 The Kenya Dual Purpose Goat Project, funded by USAID, with which the Project has worked.
3 The Dairy Goat Development Programme, funded by GTZ, from which the Project purchased its German Alpines & has a Memorandum of Understanding.

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[For Farmer Groups & Associations]

Major project goals include restocking of animals lost during a decade of fighting and insecurity as well as herd upgrading.  To help achieve these goals, improved bucks from the Project's multiplication herds are leased at a small sum to goat associations being helped by the project.  These bucks remain for a year with a particular group, and then are replaced and recycled to another group.  The purpose of the contracts is to clearly lay out the mutual responsibilities of the Project and of the association, and also to assure that genetic materials are rotated amongst participating groups.

Due to lack of good stock in the country, improved bucks are a scarce resource and thus cannot be given in perpetuity to groups.  Instead, they remain for a year, breeding local does as well as does supplied by the project and the progeny remain with the goat owners.  As well, a small mounting fee is charged to non-members and this provides a small income to the association.

The Project is leasing the following buck:

Name:……………..  Ear Tag No. …….….. Breed .………... for a period of 15 months,.

from ………………… to …………………… (the expected date of rotation).

To Farmer Group/Association: ……………………………………. 

Address: ……………………………………..

Province ……………………….  Commune …………………………  Colline ………………………….

Under the following conditions & with Project training and assistance:

    1. The Farmer Group will identify main office bearers (Chairman, Secretary, Treasurer, Buck-keeper, etc.)
    2. The Farmer Group will pay (deposited to their bank account) a lease of Fbu …………… for each buck in advance and sign the lease Contract before receiving the first buck.
    3. The lease fee is not refundable to members leaving the Group.
    4. The Farmer Group will collect service fees and maintain proper accounts.
    5. The Farmer Group can decide the amount of service fees (for non-members)
    6. If necessary an additional buck can be leased to the same Group from the second extension year.
    7. The lease buck will remain the property of the Project.
    8. The members of the Group will attend Project-organized extension meetings (attendance not less than 75%) also they will have internal regular activities/ meetings & the Project will assist as requested.
    9. The Project guarantees a mature, healthy and high quality breeding buck.
    10. Each buck will be identified (registered) and a "buck card" and service book provided by the Project will be maintained by the Group's Buck-Keeper.
    11. The Group's Buck-Keeper will report any change of performance (mating, sickness, feeding, etc.) to the Project immediately.
    12. If the buck is not serving, very sick, or died, special arrangements between the leaser (Project)  and the lessee (Farmer Group) will be worked out.
    13. The Group will provide the Buck-Keeper with adequate buck housing as recommended by the Project but the buck house remains the property of the Group.
    14. A separate contract between the Project and the Buck-Keeper will be signed before the buck is delivered.
    15. The Buck-Keeper will maintain the buck in good condition and be responsible for its proper keeping, in accordance with the signed Buck-Keeper contract.
    16. The project will inspect the buck regularly and will retrieve it without compensation if the buck is neglected.
    17. All group members will have free access to the leased buck with their own goats only.
    18. Non-Group members may have access to the buck but the Group members will determine the service fee.
    19. The Farmer Group will follow the recognized breeding plan.
    20. Only the leased buck will be used for breeding within the Farmer Group – all other unwanted bucks will be castrated by the project or sold by the owner to give way to the leased buck.
    21. The doe-buck ration should be around 35:1.
    22. The Farmers should become members of the National Goat Association once it is established by the Project and MOAL.
    23. The rotation of the leased buck will be organized by the Project approximately every 15 months of service irrespective of the length of the Lease Contract.


        Receiver (Lessee)                                                Project [Leaser]


1.  Name ………………….                 2.  Name ……………………….      Name …………………………..

              (Chairman)                                       (Official)



Signature / Stamp



Signature / Stamp



Signature / Stamp





Technical cards are maintained on all Project goats and this has provided considerable information for analysis on a number of issues by breed, crossbreed, age, seasonality, etc, such as:

  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Prolificacy
  • Interval of births
  • Fertility
  • Fecundity
  • Etc.

From time to tome some of this information will be posted on the website, once translated into English.


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